It incorporates anatomy, biomechanics, exercise physiology, sports conditioning, rehabilitation, orthopedics (not surgery), internal medicine, pulmonology, cardiology, neurology, gerontology, nutrition and integrative therapies (acupuncture, manual therapy, LASER, etc.).
Canine athletes include amateurs, like your weekend hiking buddy, to professionals such as world-class agility dogs and working police/military dogs. There are at least 24 recognized sporting events for dogs and at least another 15 specific working dog professions. When injured these athletes require a specialized diagnosis and treatment plan to return to pre-injury level of health and fitness. Even our weekend warrior dogs benefit from the specialty of sports medicine to help keep them fit, healthy and active.